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Lucie Divišová:
Jazyková invence v české a francouzské konkrétní poezii
[Linguistic Inventiveness in Czech and French Concrete Poetry]

Divišová, L. 2019. „Jazyková invence v české a francouzské konkrétní poezii.“ Acta Fakulty filozofické Západočeské univerzity v Plzni 11 (1): 60–80.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24132/actaff.2019.11.1.4

This paper explores language inventiveness in “concrete poetry”, a genre of poetry typical especially for the 2nd half of the 20th century. The goal of this study is to focus on questions related to finding a new poetic expression surrounding the vowel instrumentation and verse structure of the poem, while the core of the analysis lies in acoustic concrete poetry labeled phonic and phonetic, combinatory poetry, as well as in certain kinds of acoustic concrete poetry. The methodology stems from a literary-scientific structuralist-semiotic approach and investigates the traditional attributes of poetry (rhythm, rhyme, verse and strophe) and the transformation of their functions in concrete poetry. An analysis of texts has shown that concrete French poetry left the level of sound and written word more often than Czech concrete poetry and moved on towards the visual arts. To sum up, the study aims to connect the literary-scientific approach with the overall literary-historical context, thus relating to both concrete and traditional poetry, which is its main objective and contribution.

Key words
Czech and French concrete poetry, linguistic inventiveness, vowel instrumentation, the verse structure of poem, free verse, figures of speech